Journal For International Medical Graduates <article class="text"> <h1><u>OUR AIM</u></h1> <p>If we define our aim in one word, it’s “Service”. Our mission and aim is to serve science, scientific community, students, doctors, patients, &amp; readers by providing correct and accurate scientific evidence-based information. Our goal is to be recognized as the journal that serves people and supports merit and publishes high quality articles with correct and accurate scientific information.<br /><br />We also aim to serve science by providing maximum visibility of articles published in the journal by making them available to all the readers.<br /><br />The JIMG also serves the authors by providing fast speed publication in 30 to 60 days while maintaining diligent peer review process. All articles are submitted online, and peer review is conducted electronically to operate a transparent peer review system for the authors to increase transparency. The reviewer's reports are provided to the authors before publishing.<br /><br />Another aim of JIMG is to provide economical online publication platform for IMGs where many journals charge a handsome fee of thousands of dollars, JIMG publishing fee is nominal under 250 USD to 300 USD per article. We give IMGs the opportunity to not only publish their articles but also join our team of reviewers and editorial board members.<br /><br />JIMG also serves the reviewers by paying reviewers for their service of reviewing articles. We are the first journal according to our knowledge that pays reviewers per article fee for reviewing the article. In a nutshell, JIMG serves all parties involved in the process of writing and publishing.</p> </article> <p><br /><br /></p> <article class="text"> <h1><u>SCOPE</u></h1> <p>The journal targets medical students, doctors, clinicians of all fields, patients, research scientists, and readers worldwide. We equip international medical personnel with the necessary knowledge at the comfort of their homes.<br /><br />JIMG publishes original articles (clinical trials, and observational studies), review articles (traditional reviews, scoping reviews, mapping reviews, systematic reviews, and meta-analysis), letters to the editor, opinion articles, idea article, editorial articles, animal studies, in-vitro studies and all kinds of empirical studies on a broad range of medical topics, including endocrinology, dermatology, cardiology, gastroenterology, nephrology, hematology, hematology, rheumatology, immunology, microbiology, pathology, pediatrics, gynecology and obstetrics, anesthesiology, ophthalmology, psychiatry, general surgery, neurology, and oncology. In a nutshell, the journal is open to all fields related to medicine and healthcare.<br /><br />The journal is the official journal of California Institute Of Behavioral Neurosciences and Psychology and encourages CiBNP students and graduates to submit their articles to the journal. However, the journal is open for clinicians of all field across the globe. The articles whether submitted by the CiBNP students and graduates or non-CiBNP students will be processed on merit and will go through a proper peer-review process. If the reviewers consider the article unacceptable to be published by the JIMG, the article will be rejected. No personal likes and dislikes will be considered while making the decision of publication. The JIMG will follow the journal policies and operations guidelines to decide the fate of the article which is strictly merit based.<br /><br />For any queries and concerns please contact<br /><br />In a nutshell, JIMG serves all parties involved in the process of writing and publishing.</p> </article> en-US (Dr. Hassaan Tohid) (Dr. Hassaan Tohid) Fri, 14 Jul 2023 07:46:48 +0000 OJS 60 Examining the Psychological Burden of Diabetes Mellitus: The Association and Relationship between Depression, Anxiety, and Diabetes Mellitus. A Systematic Reviewr <p>Diabetes Mellitus is a global health issue, and the rising<br />prevalence of depression and anxiety among individuals<br />with diabetes poses a significant concern. Metabolic<br />disturbances in diabetes can potentially impact<br />psychological well-being. The study aims to determine<br />the prevalence of depression, and anxiety, and explore<br />the relationship between these mental health conditions<br />and diabetes. A comprehensive search was conducted<br />on PubMed and Google Scholar using MeSH terms and<br />keywords. Articles were selected based on predefined<br />inclusion criteria, and a rigorous quality assessment was<br />performed by two independent authors. Crosssectional, case-control, systematic reviews, and metaanalysis studies investigating the association between<br />diabetes mellitus, depression, and anxiety were<br />included. After careful quality appraisal, twelve articles<br />were selected for inclusion in the study. These studies<br />were of high quality, some have limitations and a<br />moderate risk of bias.</p> Zahra Ali, Abdelrahman Ahmed Abaza, Aneeque Jamil, Sai Dheeraj Gutlapalli, Marya Khalid Ali, Mrinal Jaya Prakash Oble, Shamsun Nahar Sonia, Sherie George, Srushti Rajesh Shahi, Pousette Hamid Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Thu, 10 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Bridging Gaps Enhancing Hematology and Oncology Care Access in Underserved Communities through International Medical Graduates <p>Access to quality hematology and oncology care is a fundamental right that should transcend geographical and socio-economic barriers. This poster delves into the vital role of International Medical Graduates (IMG) in addressing disparities in hematology and oncology care access within underserved communities. By leveraging the expertise and unique perspectives of IMG, we can pave the way for equitable and comprehensive care delivery.</p> Dr. Simhachalam Gurugubelli, Dr. Sai Giridhar Gundepalli, Dr. FNU Twinkle, Dr. Lakshmi Sai Niharika Janga, Dr. Omobolanle Ayodele Obajeun, Dr. Humaira Shamim Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Fri, 22 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Power Vested On Usmle Step 2 CK Score After The Pass Or Fail System <p>On January 1, 2022, a new scoring system was<br>institutionalized for Step 1 reporting system.<br>Being the only objective method for residency<br>distinction based on academic performance, Step<br>2 CK score has become an important metric that<br>residency directors now use to quickly evaluate<br>and filter the number of program applicants. This<br>new system of assessing applicants’ performance<br>based on numerical score is still the same, the<br>only difference is transition from step 1 score to<br>step 2 score.</p> Omobolanle Ayodele Obajeun, FNU Twinkle, Simhachalam Gurugubelli, Humaira Shamim Lakshmi, Sai Niharika Janga, Sai Giridhar Gundepalli Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Tue, 12 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Exacerbations with Statin Therapy: A Systematic Review <p>This systematic review focuses on examining the <br>treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease <br>(COPD) and preventing exacerbations. Despite the <br>pharmacological interventions available, chronic <br>obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is not curable. <br>The goal of treatment in chronic obstructive pulmonary <br>disease (COPD) patients is more focused on providing <br>relief of symptoms such as dyspnea and shortness of <br>breath. The purpose is to review the efficacy of daily <br>Statin use in patients with newly diagnosed chronic <br>obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)</p> Khalid Javed, Prabhleen Kaur Manshahia, Shamsun Nahar, Srishti Kanda, Uzair Chatha, Victor A. Odoma, Aakanksha Pitliya, Esraa AlEdani, Japneet Bhangu, Lubna Mohammed Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Tue, 26 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Will Probiotics Be a Game Changer in the Treatment of Recurrent UTI? – a Short Review <p>The most frequent condition primary care doctors<br>address is recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTI) in<br>both men and women. RUTI is defined as occurring at<br>least three times in the past year or twice in the past<br>six months. This is a serious health hazard for women.<br>Even though there is a wide range of antibiotics<br>available for the treatment of bacterial urinary tract<br>infections (UTIs), due to the development of antibiotic<br>resistance, chronic UTIs are now the subject of debate.<br>This review focuses on the connection between probiotic<br>use and the management of recurrent UTIs and offers<br>recommendations for using probiotics as a substitute to<br>lessen the likelihood of adverse medication reactions.<br>After reviewing a number of studies, it was determined<br>that probiotics might be a better choice than antibiotics<br>given their advantages over disadvantages.</p> Dr. Zareen Zohara Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Fri, 14 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Transforming Hematology and Oncology Follow-Up Care: Innovations in Telemedicine <p>In recent years, advancements in telemedicine have revolutionized the way healthcare is delivered, particularly in the field of hematology and oncology. This poster explores the cutting-edge innovations that empower doctors to enhance remote monitoring and post- treatment support for hematology and oncology patients. leading to improved outcomes and quality of life.</p> Simhachalam Gurugubelli, Sai giridhar Gundepalli Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Fri, 22 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Symphony of Survival: Sacubitril/Valsartan’s Heartfelt Impact on Mortality in Heart Failure: A Systemic Review <p>Heart failure (HF) is a prevalent and debilitating <br>condition affecting millions worldwide. Over the years, <br>numerous therapeutic strategies have been employed <br>to manage HF, improving patients' quality of life, and <br>reducing morbidity and mortality rates.<br>Sacubitril/valsartan, a novel combination drug, has <br>emerged as a promising therapeutic option in the <br>management of HF with reduced ejection fraction <br>(HFrEF This abstract provides a comprehensive review <br>of the use of sacubitril/valsartan in treating HF patients.<br>It delves into the mechanism of action of both <br>components, examining how sacubitril, a neprilysin <br>inhibitor, and valsartan, an angiotensin receptor blocker, <br>work synergistically to address the complex <br>pathophysiology of HFrEF. The unique combination of <br>these agents has been shown to improve cardiac <br>function, reduce ventricular remodeling, and mitigate <br>neurohormonal activation, leading to better outcomes <br>in HF patients. Several clinical trials and real-world <br>studies have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of <br>sacubitril/valsartan in HF management. These studies <br>have highlighted the drug's ability to reduce HF-related <br>hospitalizations and improve patients' functional status <br>and exercise tolerance. Moreover, the combination <br>therapy has shown a favorable risk-benefit profile, <br>making it a valuable option for HF patients intolerant to <br>angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.</p> Eshwar Kumar Burra, Kamran Shahid, Yonas Tamene, Shefali P. Mody, Kaiser O. Sadiq, Yogamba M. Shivakumar Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Tue, 05 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Effectiveness of Non-Pharmacological Interventions for Improving Sleep Quality in Patients with Chronic Medical Conditions: A Systematic Review <p>Sleep disturbance in patients with chronic medical<br>conditions is common, and an additional factor is<br>significantly causing distress and delay in recovery.<br>Pharmacological interventions led to more difficulties<br>and reactions to medicines affecting overall health. To<br>improve sleep quality for people with chronic medical<br>disorders, this systematic review evaluated the<br>effectiveness of non-pharmacological therapies. The<br>Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) instrument<br>was used to evaluate the review's quality, and it<br>complied with the Preferred Reporting Items for<br>Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)<br>standards. In individuals with chronic medical illnesses,<br>this systematic review emphasises the potential efficacy<br>of non-pharmacological therapies for improving sleep<br>quality. The overwhelming body of research supports<br>the inclusion of therapies such as cognitive behavioural<br>therapy, relaxation training, and sleep restriction<br>therapy in the comprehensive care of these patients.<br>Three papers were found to be relevant after a thorough<br>search through medical databases including PubMed,<br>Springer, NCBI, ResearchGate, and WILEY Online<br>Library</p> Qasim S. Khan Admin, Abhijith C Vemulapalli, Abanob A Elias, Monica D Yerramsetti, Olawale O. Olanisa, Payal Jain, Safeera Khan Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Sat, 23 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Quest for Optimal Therapy: Sofosbuvir and Ribavirin in Chronic Hepatitis C - A Systematic Review <p>Chronic Hepatitis C (CHC) infection leads to liver <br />cirrhosis, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma. It <br />is mostly treated with Sofosbuvir and ribavirin or in <br />combination with other Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs)<br /><br /></p> Monica Devi Yerramsetti, Olawale O Olanisa, Payal Jain, Qasim S Khan, Abhijith C Vemulapalli, Abanob A Elias, Samia Rauf Butt Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Tue, 19 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Emotional Intelligence in the Era of Artificial Intelligence for Medical Professionals <p>In today's rapidly increasing healthcare industry, the<br>combination of emotional intelligence (EI) with artificial<br>intelligence (AI) has significant consequences for<br>medical practitioners. Emotional intelligence, including<br>the capacity to perceive, understand, and manage<br>emotions, is emerging as a critical advantage for<br>medical practitioners, particularly as AI technologies<br>augment clinical operations. This abstract analyzes the<br>different dynamics of EI in the context of AI integration,<br>demonstrating its significance across multiple fields. As<br>more medical professionals collaborate with AI-powered<br>systems, a delicate interaction between human<br>emotional intelligence and AI's analytical brilliance<br>emerges, necessitating an acceptable balance.<br>Furthermore, the impact of EI on crucial aspects of<br>medical education, practitioner-patient interactions,<br>and overall job satisfaction is investigated. This abstract<br>emphasizes the imperatives of strengthening EI talents<br>despite technological development, advocating for a<br>harmonious integration that supports both the cognitive<br>and emotional parts of healthcare practice by<br>recognizing the synergies and potential conflicts<br>between EI and AI.</p> Vagisha Sharma, Harendra Kumar Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Mon, 28 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Role of Artificial Urinary Sphincter in Female Incontinence in 2023: A Literature Update <p>This in-depth analysis of the literature provides a 2023<br>update on the crucial function of artificial urinary<br>sphincters (AUS) in the treatment of female<br>incontinence. This review illustrates the tremendous<br>advancements in AUS technology, particularly the<br>introduction of flexible cuff pressure and occlusive cuff<br>techniques, which have considerably improved<br>treatment outcomes and patient satisfaction. It draws<br>on the most recent research from the last ten years.</p> Yonas Tamene, Lydia Tesfaye, Suraj Subedi, Jeffrey Jacob, Viven Edi Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Sat, 23 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 International medical graduates: Catalysts for a Globalized US Healthcare system <p>International medical graduates provide <br>much-needed diversity in GME. <br>Since most IMGs remain in the U.S. after <br>training, this diversity can lead to<br>● a richer training environment<br>● increased access to health care,<br>● and better health care outcomes.</p> NU Twinkle, Omobolanle Ayodele Obajeun, Humaira Shamim, Simhachalam Gurugubelli, Sai Giridhar Gundepalli, Lakshmi Sai Niharika Jang Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Mon, 18 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Retention of Urine after Elective Total Hip and Knee Replacement Surgeries - A Literature review <p>Urinary retention postoperatively is alarming <br />complication that happened after elective hip and knee <br />replacement surgeries. This literature review examined <br />the incidence, risk factors, and management of <br />postoperative urinary retention (POUR) in elective total <br />hip and knee replacement surgery over the last five <br />years. </p> Mahendar Kumar, Namballa Naveen, Vamsi Krishna Pachchipulusu, Yubraj Paudel, Anandkumar Patel, Beenish Najam, Heet N. Desai, Janan Illango, Kofi D. Seffah, Sai Sri Penumetcha Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Thu, 28 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Role of Hormone Receptor Expression and Hormonal Therapy (Estrogen and Progesterone) in the Management and Prognosis of Meningiomas in Females: A Systematic Review <p>Meningioma is the primary central nervous system <br>tumour with the highest recorded prevalence. Research <br>on meningiomas has shown an association with <br>hormone receptor expression, but the underlying <br>pathophysiologic mechanisms remain unclear. This <br>systematic review presents the available information on <br>the role of progesterone and estrogen in meningioma’s <br>pathogenesis, prognosis, and treatment. The study <br>used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systemic Review <br>and MetaAnalysis (PRISMA) 2020 guidelines. The <br>authors searched and downloaded relevant published <br>articles from the following databases; PubMed, PubMed <br>Central (PMC), MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, and <br>Google Scholar. The downloaded articles were screened <br>using set eligibility criteria and appropriate quality <br>appraisal tools and subsequently relevant data was <br>extracted using standardized questionnaires. Based on <br>the papers reviewed, progesterone receptor expression <br>in meningioma is associated with significantly more <br>favourable prognostic factors and treatment outcomes <br>while a negative correlation exists between overall <br>survival and the presence of estrogen receptors. In <br>conclusion, analysing hormone receptor expression in <br>meningioma appears necessary for targeted hormonal <br>and endocrine therapy. A suitable reference population <br>must also be defined in future extensive prospective <br>multi-centre and multi-national clinical studies</p> Babatope Lanre Awosusi, Javaria Ayyub, Karan Nareshbhai Dabhi, Namra V. Gohil, Nida Tanveer, Sally Hussein, Shravya Pingili, Vijaya Krishna Makkena, Arturo P. Jaramillo, Safeera Khan Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Thu, 10 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Personalized Medicine in Hematology-Oncology for International Patients <p>Personalized medicine is an approach that uses advanced technologies to tailor treatment to the patient's particular tumor, based on molecular testing of the tumor's genetic profile.<br><br></p> Simhachalam Gurugubelli, Sai Giridhar Gundepalli Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Fri, 22 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Physician's Hourglass: Maximizing Time for Better Healthcare <p>Time management constitutes a skill that can be<br>acquired. Worldwide, experts have articulated<br>numerous time management techniques through<br>written and spoken discourse. In this article, we shall<br>delineate the top seven time management skills.<br>Embracing these competencies stands to benefit<br>fledgling doctors, not only in their capacity as medical<br>practitioners but also within the realms of their personal<br>lives.<br>Research indicates that the practice of effective time<br>management serves to diminish stress levels and<br>enhance performance, both among students and<br>professionals alike. By immersing oneself in the<br>acquisition and cultivation of these time management<br>aptitudes and habits, one not only attains a gratifying<br>sense of achievement but also attains mastery over the<br>orchestration of one's life. Furthermore, this endeavor<br>may yield improvements in overall workplace<br>performance, mitigating workplace stress and thereby<br>bestowing upon the individual a profound sense of selfsatisfaction.</p> Hassaan Tohid MBBS, Surmai Shukla MBBS, Divyanshu Dhamija MBBS Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Tue, 12 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Comparing Safety and Efficacy of Rituximab and Eculizumab in Treating Refractory Myasthenia Gravis: A Systematic Review <p>Myasthenia gravis is a common <br>autoimmune disease in which patients experience <br>weakness primarily in the ocular, respiratory, bulbar, <br>and limb muscles. Although the symptoms of most <br>patients with myasthenia gravis are well controlled with <br>conventional immunotherapies, about 15% of them <br>experience a refractory disease. This systematic review <br>will focus on the safety and efficacy of monoclonal <br>antibodies, specifically rituximab and eculizumab, in <br>treating myasthenia gravis</p> Vineet Suryadevara, Yaman Habab, Alana Hutcheson, Binay Panjiyar, Gershon Davydov, Hiba Nashat, Sally Ghali, Shadin Afifi, Safeera Khan Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Tue, 26 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Unlocking the Power of Probiotics: A Comprehensive Review on Safeguarding Hospitalised Patients from Clostridium Difficle Infection <p>Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) is a common<br />complication of antibiotic therapy, with Clostridium<br />difficile infection (CDI) being a major cause of severe<br />AAD. CDI is associated with high morbidity, mortality,<br />and healthcare costs. The administration of probiotics is<br />a promising strategy for the prevention of AAD and CDI,<br />as they can create a favorable gut environment and<br />alter the composition of the intestinal flora. This<br />systematic review evaluated the use of probiotics in<br />preventing CDI in hospitalized adult patients. The<br />review of 12 randomized controlled trials involving<br />3,586 patients found that probiotics reduced the<br />incidence of CDI in hospitalized adult patients by up to<br />70%. Specifically, the probiotic strains Lactobacillus<br />rhamnosus GG and Saccharomyces boulardii were<br />found to be effective in preventing CDI. However,<br />further research is needed to establish optimal dosing<br />regimens and to identify the most effective probiotic<br />strains for CDI prevention. Nonetheless, the use of<br />probiotics appears to be a promising strategy for<br />reducing the incidence of CDI in hospitalized adult<br />patients receiving antibiotics.</p> Sidharth Midha, Surmai Shukla, Divyanshu Dhamija, Adedamola O. Bello, Asma A. Khan, Sai DheerajGutlapalli, Mehvish Sohail, Priyansh A. Patel, Lubna Mohammed Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Wed, 26 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Psychosocial Support for Cancer Survivors <p>Psychosocial issues are significant challenges for cancer survivors after treatment. They impact quality of life, health behaviors, and outcomes. Addressing these issues is crucial as part of survivorship care.</p> Dr. Simhachalam Gurugubelli, Dr. Sai Giridhar Gundepalli, Dr. Lakshmi Sai Niharika Janga, Dr. FNU Twinkle, Dr. Humaira Shamim, Dr. Omobolanle Ayodele Obajeun Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Fri, 22 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Biological Effects of Vitamin D on the Development of Uterine Fibroids: A Literature Review <p>Uterine Fibroids (UFs), also known as uterine<br>leiomyomas or myomas, are benign tumors derived<br>from smooth muscle tissue. Vitamin D deficiency is one<br>of the many factors involved in the development and<br>growth of UFs. Many studies have shown that vitamin D<br>supplementation decreases the size of fibroids despite<br>a poorly understood pathogenesis. The activity of<br>vitamin D against UF cells has mainly been supported<br>by various in vitro and in vivo studies. For this review,<br>we conducted in-depth research of published literature<br>on vitamin D's biological and pathophysiological effects<br>on UFs. We searched on Google Scholar and PubMed<br>using common keywords and selected 23 studies from<br>the search results. The literature chosen from the past<br>ten years was read and analyzed thoroughly. However,<br>because of the limited research on the effects of vitamin<br>D on UFs and the different inclusion criteria, the clinical<br>efficacy of vitamin D on women with UFs remains<br>unclear. More extensive, well-organized studies on the<br>specific effects of vitamin D on the growth of UFs would<br>prove efficacious in establishing treatments.</p> Merna Haridi, Natalie Gonzalez, Sana Dayo, Umaima Fatima, Aiyat Sheikh, Chaitanya Puvvada, Faiza Soomro, Hafsa Osman Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Tue, 05 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Dietary Intervention in Management and Remission of Ulcerative Colitis: A Systematic Review <p>Ulcerative Colitis (UC), an Inflammatory Bowel Disease <br />(IBD) affecting the colon, is characterized by recurring <br />inflammation in the colon's inner lining. Common <br />symptoms include blood in the stool and diarrhea. <br /><br /></p> Abanob A Elias, Monica D Yerramsetti, Olawale O Olanisa, Payal Jain, Qasim S Khan, Abhijith C Vemulapalli , Samia R Butt Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Sat, 23 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Optimizing chemotherapy protocol for diverse patient populations <ul> <li>Chemotherapy optimization for diverse patient populations is a complex and challenging task that requires a multidisciplinary and individualized approach .</li> <li>Oncology professionals need to be aware of the factors that can affect the response and toxicity of chemotherapy drugs in different patient populations and apply the best available evidence and practices to tailor chemotherapy regimens accordingly.</li> <li>Further research is needed to identify more pharmacogenetic biomarkers, develop more accurate dosing formulas, evaluate more drug interactions, and compare more toxicity profiles for chemotherapy optimization for diverse patient populations.</li> </ul> Simhachalam Gurugubelli, Sai Giridhar Gundepalli Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Fri, 22 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Cardiovascular Manifestations and Therapy Options for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Systemic Literature Review <p>Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune<br>multi-systemic disease; it is a controlled disease but is<br>not curable. SLE affects different systems in the body,<br>such as cardiac, renal, respiratory, hematology,<br>neurology, and rheumatology. It can cause various<br>problems in the heart, lungs, and joints. This Systemic<br>review researched articles from 3 databases: PubMed,<br>Google Scholar, and PubMed Central in June 2022. We<br>did this systemic review using Prisma guidelines. We<br>collected this systemic review in the last five years. Free<br>full articles randomized controlled trial (RCT), systemic<br>review articles, and English language included. Other<br>languages and articles earlier than 2017. Joanna Briggs<br>Institute (JBI) checklist, Assessment of Multiple<br>Systemic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR), and Scale for the<br>Assessment of Multiple Systemic Reviews 2 (SANRA)<br>are used to check for quality assessment. In the<br>systemic review, the initial search generated 516<br>articles. They included 13 in the final selection; six were<br>case reports, two were systemic reviews, three of them<br>retrospective studies, and two were literature reviews.<br>In this Systemic review, we will focus on the cardiac<br>manifestations associated with systemic lupus<br>erythematosus and use Hydroxychloroquine to prevent<br>the deterioration of systemic lupus erythematosus and<br>decrease the incidence rate cardiac problems. It<br>discovered a decrease in the incidence rate of cardiac<br>manifestations. It found that hydroxychloroquine is<br>effective in the treatment of systemic lupus<br>erythematosus patients. Not only that, but they found<br>that Hydroxychloroquine effectively treats systemic<br>lupus erythematosus patients and limits cardiac risk<br>factors. We need further studies and research to<br>understand the effect of systemic lupus erythematosus<br>on the cardiac system and the effects of<br>Hydroxychloroquine on decreasing the impact of<br>systemic lupus erythematosus on the heart.</p> Hiba Nashat, Sally Ghali, Shadin Afif, Vineet Suryadevara, Yaman Habab, Alana Hutcheson, Binay Kumar Panjiyar, Gershon Davydov, Noor Abdulla, Ann Kashmer Yu Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Mon, 28 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Unveiling the Shadows: Pitfalls in Medical Practice and Their Remedies: A Revie <p>In the realm of human experience, no individual can <br>assert with absolute certainty that they have traversed <br>their journey without stumbling upon the terrain of <br>error. Such missteps are a universal aspect of our <br>existence. Yet, it is the discerning mind that <br>acknowledges these misjudgments, endeavors towards <br>self-refinement, and endeavors to eschew their <br>recurrence.</p> Hassaan Tohid, Divyanshu Dhamija, Surmai Shukla, Yonas Tamene Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Sat, 23 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Crafting Your Journey: Insights for Enhancing Internal Medicine Residency Match Odds. <p>Along with academic excellence, <br>Internal Medicine (IM) residency <br>demands strategic planning and a deep <br>understanding of how to distinguish <br>yourself from numerous other competing <br>candidates. The intricate application <br>enhances your chances of matching <br>into the residency program</p> Dr. Lakshmi Sai Niharika Janga, Dr. Humaira Shamim, Dr. Simhachalam Gurugubelli, Dr. Omobolanle Ayodele Obajeun, Dr.FNU Twinkle, Dr.Sai Giridhar Gundepalli Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Tue, 19 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 "Beyond the Onset: A Comprehensive Analysis of Risk Factors and Etiological Mechanisms in Central Precocious Puberty"- A systematic review <p>The purpose of this systematic review is to<br>understand the recent advances that have been made<br>in understanding the risk factors and etiology behind<br>the rising incidence of precocious puberty in children.<br>The key goals are to assess to understand the normal<br>physiology of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG)<br>axis and the various theories that have been proposed<br>that influence the normal functioning of the HPG axis<br>leading to central precocious puberty</p> Thota Priyanka, Peresuodei Tariladei, Gill Abhishek, Orji Chijioke, Reghefaoui Maiss, Michell Saavedra Michell, Khan Safeera`` Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Fri, 03 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Impact of International Medical Graduates on Rural Healthcare in the USA: Challenges and Opportunities <p>The Impact of International Medical Graduates (IMGs)<br>on Rural Healthcare in the United States depicts a<br>landscape in which challenges collide with opportunities,<br>affecting the course of healthcare delivery. IMGs have<br>immense promise as the foundations of the healthcare<br>profession, but the rural terrain presents unique<br>challenges. Scarce resources and inadequate facilities<br>impede seamless practice, particularly in specialty fields<br>such as cardiology and cancer. For effective patient<br>engagement, the fabric of rural communities, which is<br>linked to many cultures, requires enhanced cultural<br>competence. Language barriers highlight the challenge<br>of providing care. Despite these challenges, IMGs hold<br>the seeds of opportunity. Their resource-constrained<br>ingenuity gives them novel solutions to rural healthcare<br>disparities. Furthermore, IMGs have the potential to<br>overcome the healthcare professional gap, giving<br>vitality to poor places. Fostering the synergy between<br>IMGs and rural healthcare requires infrastructural<br>improvements, cultural awareness, and equitable<br>integration. Strategic investments in technology and<br>education have the potential to improve patient care.<br>Recognizing and treating IMGs fairly shows their critical<br>role in redefining rural healthcare accessibility and<br>quality.</p> Harendra Kumar, Vagisha Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Mon, 28 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression Among Medical Students Comparing 10 Countries: Systematic Review <p>The prevalence and severity of anxiety and depression <br>among medical students are increasing progressively <br>due to the unhealthy and pressured environment <br>students are surrounded with. Multiple risk factors differ <br>from country to country, which play an important role in <br>their mental health. A systematic review of depression <br>and anxiety was searched in PubMed/MEDLINE, PubMed <br>Central (PMC), and ScienceDirect papers from 2007 and <br>after. Systematic reviews, cross-sectional studies, <br>meta-analyses, and observational studies were <br>included.</p> Esraa M. AlEdani, Japneet K. Bhangu, Khalid Javed, Prabhleen Kaur Manshahia, Shamsun Nahar, Srishti Kanda, Uzair Chatha, Victor A. Odoma, Aakanksha Pitliya, Safeera Khan Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Sat, 23 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Crisis Management skills For International Medical Graduates <p>Crisis management is based on clarity, <br />commitment, consistency and confidence. <br />Strategy of Crisis intervention involves awareness, <br />promoting compassion and implementing orders. <br />The assessment crisis Intervention trauma model <br />consists of assessing the affected person, <br />establishing a relationship, understanding the <br />problem, providing emotional support, exploring <br />coping strategies, implementing a plan, and <br />following up. The most common personal crisis <br />can be a failure in exam , switching from one <br />profession to the other, financial crisis, changing <br />your native city or country, loss of a loved one, <br />natural disaster or health crisis. Thinking about <br />the crisis as a learning opportunity to become <br />stronger through coping strategies and personal <br />growth.</p> Dr. Humaira Shamim, Dr. Lakshmi Sai Niharika Janga, Dr. Omobolanle Ayodele Obajeun, Dr. Simhachalam Gurugubelli, Dr. Sai Giridhar Gundepalli, Dr.FNU Twinkle Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Tue, 12 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Advancements in Targeted Therapies for Hematologic and Oncologic Disorders <p>In recent years, significant advancements in medical science have led to the emergence of targeted therapies as a promising approach in treating hematologic and oncologic disorders. Precision medicine has revolutionized the landscape of healthcare, enabling physicians to tailor treatment plans based on an individuals genetic makeup. thus optimizing therapeutic outcomes. This poster explores how physicians can contribute to implementing precision medicine approaches in treating blood disorders and cancer</p> Simhachalam Gurugubelli, Sai giridhar Gundepalli Copyright (c) 2023 Journal For International Medical Graduates Wed, 27 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000